عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The purpose of this study is how to manage the crisis in a radiation accident. Radiation crisis is an incident caused by release of radioactive materials into the environment and their contamination. Radioactive materials in nuclear crisis of countries include: tanks containing uranium hexafluoride (UF6) in the Uranium Conversion Facility (UCF), uranium hexafluoride centrifuges used in enrichment facilities as well as fuel rods containing pellets of uranium dioxide (UO2) with different enrichment of electricity reactors. In the event of an accident, the compounds of uranium release into a gaseous state and then enter into the atmosphere by wind. They have stability in the environment. They contaminate it for a long time and create a crisis of radiation. In order to reduce radiation damages and control radidtion crisis, nuclear technology holders have to write a scenario based on the facts and to be fully prepared so that they can act accordingly and manage radiation crisis in the event of an accident. This paper investigated the necessary management measures in a radiation crisis in four stages: before the crisis, at the beginning of the crisis, during the crisis and after the crisis.